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Hera is a Python framework for constructing and submitting Argo Workflows. The main goal of Hera is to make the Argo ecosystem accessible by simplifying workflow construction and submission.

See the Quick Start guide to start using Hera to orchestrate your Argo Workflows!

The Argo was constructed by the shipwright Argus,
and its crew were specially protected by the goddess Hera.

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Repo information

License: Apache-2.0 CICD Docs codecov

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Hera at a glance

Steps diamond

from hera.workflows import Steps, Workflow, script

def echo(message: str):

with Workflow(
) as w:
    with Steps(name="steps") as s:
        echo(name="A", arguments={"message": "I'm a step"})
        with s.parallel():
            echo(name="B", arguments={"message": "We're steps"})
            echo(name="C", arguments={"message": "in parallel!"})
        echo(name="D", arguments={"message": "I'm another step!"})


DAG diamond

from hera.workflows import DAG, Workflow, script

def echo(message: str):

with Workflow(
) as w:
    with DAG(name="diamond"):
        A = echo(name="A", arguments={"message": "A"})
        B = echo(name="B", arguments={"message": "B"})
        C = echo(name="C", arguments={"message": "C"})
        D = echo(name="D", arguments={"message": "D"})
        A >> [B, C] >> D


See the examples for a collection of Argo workflow construction and submission via Hera!


Hera requires an Argo server to be deployed to a Kubernetes cluster. Currently, Hera assumes that the Argo server sits behind an authentication layer that can authenticate workflow submission requests by using the Bearer token on the request. To learn how to deploy Argo to your own Kubernetes cluster you can follow the Argo Workflows guide!

Another option for workflow submission without the authentication layer is using port forwarding to your Argo server deployment and submitting workflows to localhost:2746 (2746 is the default, but you are free to change it). Please refer to the documentation of Argo Workflows to see the command for port forward!

Note Since the deprecation of tokens being automatically created for ServiceAccounts and Argo using Bearer tokens in place, it is necessary to use --auth=server and/or --auth=client when setting up Argo Workflows on Kubernetes v1.24+ in order for hera to communicate to the Argo Server.

Authenticating in Hera

There are a few ways to authenticate in Hera - read more in the authentication walk through - for now, with the argo cli tool installed, this example will get you up and running:

from hera.workflows import Workflow, Container
from hera.shared import global_config
from hera.auth import ArgoCLITokenGenerator = "http://localhost:2746"
global_config.token = ArgoCLITokenGenerator

with Workflow(generate_name="local-test-", entrypoint="c") as w:
    Container(name="c", image="docker/whalesay", command=["cowsay", "hello"])



Note Hera went through a name change - from hera-workflows to hera. This is reflected in the published Python package. If you’d like to install versions prior to 5.0.0, you have to use hera-workflows. Hera currently publishes releases to both hera and hera-workflows for backwards compatibility purposes.

Source Command
PyPi pip install hera
PyPi pip install hera-workflows
GitHub repo python -m pip install git+ --ignore-installed; pip install .

Optional dependencies


  • Install via hera[yaml]
  • PyYAML is required for the yaml output format, which is accessible via hera.workflows.Workflow.to_yaml(*args, **kwargs). This enables GitOps practices and easier debugging.


  • Install via hera[cli]. The [cli] option installs the extra dependency Cappa required for the CLI
  • The CLI aims to enable GitOps practices, easier debugging, and a more seamless experience with Argo Workflows.
  • The CLI is an experimental feature and subject to change! At the moment it only supports generating YAML files from workflows via hera generate yaml. See hera generate yaml --help for more information.




See the contributing guide!